Samuel Base1

#13480, b. 19 August 1821, d. 20 January 1908

Individual's Timeline

Birthcirca 1821Samuel Base
Christening19 August 1821Samuel Base2,3
Death16 September 1840Hannah Base4
Marriage16 May 1850Samuel Base1
Death of Father15 June 1855William Base5
Death11 December 1857Jane (?)
Death14 April 1895Maria Hicks
Death20 January 1908Samuel Base1,6
Probate4 March 1908Samuel Base7

Primary events

  • Birth: Samuel Base was born circa 1821.
  • Christening: He was christened on 19 August 1821 in St Michael Coslany, Norwich, Norfolk, England.2,3
  • (present at death) Death: In 1840 Samuel Base was listed on the death certificate of Hannah Base as being present at her death; Certificate lists her as wife of William a shoemaker.4
  • Marriage: Samuel Base married Maria Hicks, daughter of William Power Hicks and Jane (?), on Thursday, 16 May 1850 in London, Greater London, England, when they were 28 years, 8 months and 27 days ~&~ 36 years old. Registered in Kensington vol 3 page 313 June qtr 1850.1
  • Death of Father: His father William Base died on 15 June 1855 in St Lawrence's Church, Norwich St Lawrence, Norfolk, England.5
  • (present at death) Death: In 1857 Samuel Base was listed on the death certificate of Jane (?) as being present at her death.
  • (Widow) Death: In 1895, at the age of 73 years, 7 months and 26 days, Samuel was left a widower by the death of Maria Hicks.
  • Death: Samuel died on 20 January 1908 in Ringsfield Hall, Ringsfield, Suffolk, England, (Aged 86 years, 5 months and 1 day, worked back from recorded birth date).1,6
  • Probate: His estate was probated on 4 March 1908. Samuel's executors were Albion Axtel WEST, a gentleman, and Leonard george BOLINGBROKE, a solicitor. The Estate was valued at £42,498.7

Secondary circumstances

  • Occupation: Samuel was a senior civil servant who was employed by the Post Office. In 1871 he was a superannuated civil servant, and in 1866 he was the owner of land under cultivation of wheat and barley, as he put it, whilst still growing, but almost ready for havest, to auction.8

Census details

Some aspects of Samuel Base's life. An email from the centre director of Ringsfield Hall, which is now an accommodation and conference centre.

Samuel Base built Ringsfield Hall in 1887; he bought the land which had a farm house on it a little earlier. He was the Postmaster general of Norwich, and before that a Queen's Messenger for Lord Palmerstone in the Foreign Office and carried Govt messages around the world.

He became a Justice of the Peace, and seems to have been a stickler over boundaries!
Maria Hicks is rumoured to have been unwell a lot of the time-possibly mental illness, and may not have ever lived at the Hall, though we don't know for sure.

The house was at the time it was built described as the ugliest house in Suffolk, before all the trees grew I suppose.

Over the years a couple of people have been in touch from the Base family and I'm sure they would not mind if I gave you their address, though they are probably very elderly.

Samuel BASE - the very wealthy one - was just a little famous.

He worked for the Foreign Office as a Queen's Messenger and was sent by Lord Palmerston to Greece with a private message to the Greek Government to tell then to release a British National (who they had incarcerated) or he would block the port of Athens with the British Navy. This is where the term 'gun boat diplomacy' comes from.

He was a 'favourite' of Lord Palmerston (then the Foreign Minister I tihnk), who called him his Little Norfolk Pigeon.

I have a theory regarding Samuel.

He was 28 when he married Maria HICKS, who was 36. She was the only daughter (she had brothers) of William Power HICKS who was the Post Master in Norwich before Samuel took up the post. This was 'post' Samuel's trip to Greece.

I think she was somewhat less than the full quid, and the marriage to Samuel was a way for her parents to make sure she was provided for after they died. Her disability could have been physical, constitutional or mental.


Research Notes

  • Research note 01: Deeds for this property are in the Norfolk Records Office. These deeds relate to the Bixley Estate which is still the property of the Colman family. The estate extends mostly over land in Kirby Bedon, but also in adjoining parishes including Whitlingham, Bixley, Bramerton, Framingham Earl and Framingham Pigot, Trowse Newton and Arminghall, and includes the deeds of Kirby Bedon Hall Estate MC 138/14, Bixley Mill Estate MC/138/26, Poringland Mill MC 138/42, Bixley Lodge - conveyed to J.J.Colman in 1873 and which contain references to a windmill from the late eighteenth century, and Bixly Hall Estate MC 138/50. Bixley Hall and Bixley Lodge were the two main residences in the parish, the Hall having been built by the Ward family who settled there in the mid sixteenth century and remained for the next 200 years. Rebuilt in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, it passed by marriage from the Wards to the Earls of Rosebery who were lords of the manor and principal land owners in the parish. When it was acquired by Russell James Colman, however, the house had become so ruinous that it had to be pulled down. By 1883 a Mrs MARTIN was in residence.11
Background information on Bixley Lodge, Bixley, Norfolk, England, - In 1854 the resident was George Lovick COLEMAN, draper (accorindg to White's Directory. 1865 this large property was owned by George COLEMAN Esq. and was being tenanted by Samuel. The village is 3 miles south east of Norwich. The church was build in 1272. Samuel purchased this from george in 1873, but it appears to have been only a temporary purchase as he resold it almost immediately to J J COLEMAN (as per index in NRO, deeds available). The land included the high windmill from which you could see Norwich.
* The summary of the details of the whole of the estate in NRO are - The Bixley Estate is still the property of the Colman family. The estate extends mostly over land in Kirby Bedon, but also in adjoining parishes including Whitlingham, Bixley, Bramerton, Framingham Earl and Framingham Pigot, Trowse Newton and Arminghall, and includes Kirby Bedon Hall Estate, Bixley Mill Estate, Poringland Mill, Bixley Lodge conveyed to J.J. Colman in 1873 and which contain references to a windmill from the late eighteenth century, and Bixley Hall Estate. Bixley Hall and Bixley Lodge were the two main residences in the parish, the Hall having been built by the Ward family who settled there in the mid sixteenth century and remained for the next 200 years. Rebuilt in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, it passed by marriage from the Wards to the Earls of Rosebery who were lords of the manor and principal land owners in the parish. When it was acquired by Russell James Colman, however, the house had become so ruinous that it had to be pulled down. The Colman family are the ones in the Mustard manufacturing business.
.

Family of Samuel Base and Maria Hicks

Citations

  1. Valerie Grey-Wilson, Base.
  2. Free parish registers, online http://www.freereg.org.uk, County     Norfolk
    Place     Norwich
    Church     St Michael Coslany
    RegisterNumber     377
    DateOfBirth     
    BaptismDate     09 Aug 1821
    Forename     Samuel
    Sex     M
    FatherForename     William
    MotherForename     Hannah
    FatherSurname     BASE
    MotherSurname     
    Abode     St Miles Coslany
    FatherOccupation     Cordwainer.
  3. International Genealogical Index (IGI), England, Norfolk Parish Registers, 1538-1900
    Norwich St Michael Coslany
    Baptisms
    1813-1860
    Image 27.
  4. Certificate or Original Parish Reg Entry, Extract from original records, Copy received from Jean Eastoe.
  5. Find my past web sites, online http://www.findmypast.com or http://www.findmypast.com.au, First name(s)      William
    Last name      Base
    Sex      Male
    Age      60
    Birth year      1795
    Death year      -
    Burial year      1855
    Burial date      21 Jun 1855
    Parish      Norwich, St Lawrence
    Diocese      Norwich
    County      Norfolk
    Country      England
    Archive      Norfolk Record Office
    Archive reference      PD 58/12
    Page      116
    Record set      Norfolk burials
    Category      Life Events (BDMs)
    Subcategory      Deaths & burials
    Collections from      United Kingdom.
  6. Free UK BDM index from 1837, online http://freebmd.rootsweb.com
  7. Website Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations),1861-1941 (http://search.ancestry.com.au) "Scanned Original pages of the wills registers."
  8. Find my past web sites, online http://www.findmypast.com or http://www.findmypast.com.au, Publication:Norfolk News, Publication date:Saturday 28 July 1866.
  9. Census data as per CD, BASE, Samuel           Neighbors 171192
    Name     Relationship     Mar     Age      Sex     Occupation      Birthplace
    Samuel BASE     Head     M     29     M     Postmaster (7.2)     Norwich----
    Maria BASE     Wife     M     37     F     ---     Hackney-Mid
    William HICKS     FatL     M     73     M     Retired Postmaster & Fundholder (7.2     London Hackney-London
    Jane HICKS     MotL     M     68     F     ---     Reading-Berk
    Elizabeth FRARY     Serv     U     32     F     House Servant     Crostwick-Nfk
    Ann LADBROOK     Serv     U     25     F     House Servant     Beccles-Suf
         Address:     Post Office Street, Norwich
         Census Place:     Norwich St John Maddermarket Norwich, Norfolk
         PRO Reference:     HO/107/1816     Folio:     63     Page:     43     FHL Film:     0207469.
  10. Census data as per CD, Dwelling:     14 Kirkley Cliff
         Census Place:     Kirkley, Suffolk, England
         Source:     FHL Film 1341458 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 1901 Folio 71 Page 6
         Marr     Age     Sex     Birthplace
    Samuel BASE     M     59      M     Norwich, Norfolk, England
         Rel:     Head
         Occ:     Rail Service ... Post Master
    Maria BASE     M     61      F     Hackney, Middlesex, England
         Rel:     Wife
         Occ:     Gentlewoman
    Florence PLOWIS (?)     U     17      F     Attleborough, Norfolk, England
         Rel:     Niece
         Occ:     Lady
    Jane PARISH     U     33      F     Shelton, Norfolk, England
         Rel:     Serv
         Occ:     Cook Dom Ser
    Julia HAGEL     U     33      F     Shoreditch, Middlesex, England
         Rel:     Serv
         Occ:     Housemaid.
  11. Unknown compiler, 1883 Kelly's dir of Norfolk, BIXLEY is a parish and pretty village, situated on an eminence, about 3 miles south-east from Norwich, on the high road from Norwich to Beccles, in the Southern division of the county, hundred and union of Henstead, Norwich county court district, rural deanery of Brooke, archdeaconry of Norfolk and diocese of Norwich. The church of St. Wandregesilius is a snall structure of flint, erected in 1874; it is in Gothic style and consists of chancel, nave, and square tower, on the site of the old church of that name, built in 1272, of which the tower only remains. The register dates from the year 1561. The living is a rectory, with that of Framingham Earl annexed, joint gross yearly value £579 with house, in the gift of Clement Brereton esq. and held sine 1878 by the Rev, Charles Turner M.A. of St. John's College, Cambridge. Bixley Hall and Bixley Lodge are two exceedingly pretty seats, the formr occupied by Mrs. Martin and the latter (the property of J. J. Colman M.P.) occupied by Henry Birkbeck, jun. esq. The trustees of the late F. W. Primrose own theland attached to Bixley Hall and are lords of the manor. The soil is mixed, subsoil, gravel. The crops are on the four-course system. The area is 760 acres; rateable value, £1,624; and the population in 1881 was 160.

    Parish Clerk, George Rix.

    (copied from http://apling.freeservers.com/Villages/Bixley.htm) - [Complete entry. Transcription Copyright © E.C."Paddy" Apling].