Harriet Wickham

#1222, b. 22 May 1851, d. 1933

The numbers are coming up the street and the pub is 11 and 12. 7 is the shuttered tattooist, and 10 is next to the pub

Individual's Timeline

Birth22 May 1851Harriet Wickham1,2,3
Birth RegJune 1851Harriet Wickham2
Marr RegSeptember 1872Harriet Wickham4
EmigratAU16 January 1882Harriet Wickham5,6
Marriage of Son1901Ernest Norman Chugg7,8
Marriage of Son1908George Wickam Chugg9
Marriage of Daughter1908Ethel Harriett (Hazel?) Chugg10,11
Marriage of Son13 May 1908William Harold Chugg12
Marriage of Son3 May 1911Albert Victor Chugg13,14,15
Death21 June 1926George Marion Chugg16,17
Death1933Harriet Chugg18,19

Primary events

Secondary circumstances

  • Occupation: Harriet was said to be a milliner to the British royal family Circa 1870? This of course needs to be investigated to prove one way or another. Nothing in the local papers to say which milliner was 'by appointment'. In the mean time search for pictures of royals in hats ;-).3
  • Married Name: Her married name was Chugg.
  • EmigratAU: She and George Marion Chugg emigrated to Australia on 16 January 1882 in ship 'Forfarshire' from England. They were assisted migrants. George was a 32 year old carpenter from Devon whose parents were both dead, and Harriet his wife who was 30 and from Sussex. Harriet's mother Harriet Wickam was alive and living in Sussex. Both could read and write. They had 4 children with them. They stated a religion, but it is difficult to read, possibly ASdly.5,6

Census details

Brushes with the LAW

This is just an excuse to tell one of my favourite 'murder' stories. At the ripe old age of 10, I had access to a set of books, famous English Trials, and I did love a good read. This story made an impression on me - I think it was because it was so 'sneeky'.

This all occurred whilst Harriet was living in Brighton, but I make no suggestion here that the 2 women knew each other, nor that Harriet had anything to do with Mrs STONE, even though they were involved in the same profession. I would be surprised if the 2 milliners did NOT each other though. The census was in April 1871 and the trial in August.

Christiana Edmunds was a pretty woman, who suffered from a mental illness that went undetected until her poisoning spree came to light. It was while she was living with her widowed mother in Brighton, in the late 1860s, that Edmunds became involved in an affair with a married doctor named Charles Beard. When, in the summer of 1870, Beard had attempted to end their relationship, Edmunds had visited his home with a gift of chocolates for his wife. The following day, Mrs Beard became violently ill, but recovered. Dr Beard would say later that he suspected Edmunds had poisoned his wife at that time, but he declined to act on it, possibly fearing his affair with Edmunds being discovered.

In 1871, however, Edmunds began obtaining chocolate creams, taking them home and lacing them with strychnine, then returning them to the unknowing vendors, who then sold them to the public. Not knowing, of course, that the chocolates were poisoned. Initially, Edmunds was obtaining the strychnine from a dentist, Dr Isaac Garrett, on the pretence that she needed it to poison stray cats. When Dr Garrett told her he believed this was cruel, she began using a milliner friend, Mrs Stone, to obtain the strychnine.

Edmunds also began to draw attention with her constant purchases of chocolates, at which point she began paying young boys to purchase them for her. By this time several people in Brighton had become ill from eating the chocolates, but no one had connected the illnesses with the chocolates. However, in June 1871, 4-year-old Sidney Albert Barker, on holiday with his family, died as a result of eating chocolates from a shop called Maynard's. The Brighton Coroner, David Black, ruled the death accidental, although it would later be confirmed that this was the only death due to the poisoning.

Edmunds then increased her poisoning campaign, and began sending parcels of chocolates to prominent persons, including Mrs Beard, who then became violently ill. By this time, the police had connected the large numbers of ill people with the chocolates. Edmunds also sent parcels to herself, claiming that she, too, was a victim of the poisoner, in the hope that this would deflect suspicion from her and on to the shopkeeper, John Maynard, from whom the victims had purchased their chocolates. At this point Dr Beard informed the police of his suspicions, which resulted in Edmunds being arrested, and charged with the attempted murder of Mrs Beard, and the murder of Sidney Barker. After committal hearings, it was decided to move the case from Lewes to the Old Bailey, and Edmunds's trial began in January 1872.

Her mother testified that both sides of their family had a history of mental illness. Dr Beard claimed that he and Edmunds never had a sexual relationship, but that instead it was merely a series of letters sent by her to him, and mild flirtations. The defence, however, was able to indicate that the two had in fact become involved in an affair, arguing that it was this that sent Edmunds over the edge. Edmunds was sentenced to the death penalty, but she was reprieved because of her mental state, life in prison being automatically substituted. She spent the rest of her life in Broadmoor Criminal Lunatic Asylum, dying there in 1907.

The above comes from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christiana_Edmunds

I researched Mrs STONE, just in case. Newspaper reports at the time name her as Mrs Caroline STONE, wife of Henry. She was living at 90 North Road, and had her business in Queen's Row. (3 doors away from the chemist where Christiana bought the poison). In 1871, Caroline and Henry were enumerated at 7 and a half Queens Road. He was a commercial traveler, and she was a milliner. Her 14 year old daughter was her assistant. Harriet was living in Mt Sion Place. See exhibit map.

7 Queen's Road is now a tattoo parlour. Number 10 is a tobacco shop (next door to The Hope pub).20,21

Voter Enrolements

Children of Harriet Wickham and George Marion Chugg

Citations

  1. Victorian BDM on line, online http://online.justice.vic.gov.au
  2. Free UK BDM index from 1837, online http://freebmd.rootsweb.com, Name:      Harriet Wickham
    Year of Registration:      1851
    Quarter of Registration:      Apr-May-Jun
    District:      Steyning
    County:      Sussex
    Volume:      7
    Page:      517.
  3. Website Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com) "Descendants of Robert Chugge - Copy (Owner: sylpet)."
  4. Free UK BDM index from 1837, online http://freebmd.rootsweb.com, CHUGG, George and Wickham, Harriet - Brighton 2b/365.
  5. Website Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com) "New South Wales, Australia, Assisted Immigrant Passenger Lists, 1828-1896
    Name:      George Chugg
    Estimated birth year:      abt 1850
    Age:      32
    Voyage Arrival Date:      16 Jan 1882
    Vessel Name:      Forfarshire
    see downloaded passenger list."
  6. NSW assisted immigration 1844 - 1859, online http://www.records.nsw.gov.au/, http://www.records.nsw.gov.au/ASP/index8096.asp
    SURNAME FIRST AGE EVENTS VESSEL YEAR MONTH REEL REMARKS
    CHUGG Ernest 6 Forfarshire 1882 2142, 2493 and family
    CHUGG Ethel inft Forfarshire 1882 2142, 2493 and family
    CHUGG George 4 Forfarshire 1882 2142, 2493 and family
    CHUGG George 32 Forfarshire 1882 2142, 2493 and family
    CHUGG Harriett 30 Forfarshire 1882 2142, 2493 and family
    CHUGG William 2 Forfarshire 1882 2142, 2493 and family

    The Forfarshire, built in 1876, was a fine large well-appointed ship of 1238 tons, which made frequent visits to New Zealand and Australia. She did not run continuously to the colony, having only made six voyages from 1973 to 1900.

    Forfarshire is mentioned in the following books. Note a Forfarshire was wrecked in 1838. This is not the same ship as this one.

    Forfarshire
    188 Paine, Ships of the World
    Forfarshire
    33-4, 418 Lubbock, Windjammers, Vol. 2
    Forfarshire
    361-2,477 Lubbock, Windjammers, Vol. 1
    Forfarshire, Listed
    294 Lubbock, Colonial Clippers

    FORFARSHIRE (The) 1238 ton ship. built 1867 by Morrison of Sunderland. Chartered by Shaw Savill Company for the first voyage out in 1873. Made 6 voyages to NZ.

    FORFARSHIRE - 1887
    Code letters: HNGP Official Number: 56779
    Master: Captain D.D. Brown, appointed to the Shipping Line in 1873 and to the ship in 1876.
    Rigging: composite materials Ship; 2 decks; sheathed in felt & yellow metal; fastened with copper bolts;
    galvanized iron bolts used on upper deck; .
    Tonnage: 1,238 tons gross, 1,124 under deck and 1,238 net.
    Dimensions: 201.9 feet long, 37.1 foot beam and holds 22.1 feet deep;
    Poop 62 feet long; Forecastle 37 feet.
    Construction: 1867, J. Morison in Sunderland; iron frame planked; repairs to damages in 1877;
    partial new deck in 1879.
    Owners: Shaw, Savill & Albion Co. Ltd.
    Port of registry: Southampton.
  7. Victorian BDM on line, online http://online.justice.vic.gov.au, from the digger disc at LaTrobe Library death 3617.
  8. Victorian BDM on line, online http://online.justice.vic.gov.au, Name: CHUGG - Ernt Norman
    Event Type: Marriage Sex:
    Age: - Place: BRTN
    Year: 1901 Reg. Number: 7824
    Father: -
    Mother: -
    Spouse: REDFERN - Rebecca Painter.
  9. Victorian BDM on line, online http://online.justice.vic.gov.au, Surname: CHUGG
    Given Names: Geo Wickham
    Event: M
    Sex:
    Spouse Surname/Father: SAYCE
    Spouse Gvn Names/Mother: Violet Amelia
    Age:
    Age Code:
    Birth Place: ENG
    Death Place:
    Year: 1908
    Reg. Number: 499.
  10. Victorian BDM on line, online http://online.justice.vic.gov.au, Surname: CHUGG
    Given Names: Ethel Hart
    Event: M
    Sex:
    Spouse Surname/Father: FANKHAUSER
    Spouse Gvn Names/Mother: David Danl
    Age:
    Age Code:
    Birth Place: ENG
    Death Place:
    Year: 1908
    Reg. Number: 3104.
  11. Digger - Vic BMD Digger databases on CD, Surname: FANKHAUSER
    Given Names: David Danl
    Event: M
    Sex:
    Spouse Surname/Father: CHUGG
    Spouse Gvn Names/Mother: Ethel Hart
    Age:
    Age Code:
    Birth Place: VIC
    Death Place:
    Year: 1908
    Reg. Number: 3104.
  12. Victorian BDM on line, online http://online.justice.vic.gov.au, Surname: CHUGG
    Given Names: Wm Harold
    Event: M
    Sex:
    Spouse Surname/Father: DENNY
    Spouse Gvn Names/Mother: Hilda Blanche
    Age:
    Age Code:
    Birth Place: SYDNEY
    Death Place:
    Year: 1908
    Reg. Number: 3033

    and

    Surname: DENNY
    Given Names: Hilda Blanche
    Event: M
    Sex:
    Spouse Surname/Father: CHUGG
    Spouse Gvn Names/Mother: Wm Harold
    Age:
    Age Code:
    Birth Place: HAWTH
    Death Place:
    Year: 1908
    Reg. Number: 3033.
  13. Victorian BDM on line, online http://online.justice.vic.gov.au, Year: 1911 Reg. Number: 3727.
  14. Digger - Vic BMD Digger databases on CD, urname: CHUGG
    Given Names: Albt Victor
    Event: M
    Sex:
    Spouse Surname/Father: REGAN
    Spouse Gvn Names/Mother: Louisa May
    Age:
    Age Code:
    Birth Place: SYDNEY
    Death Place:
    Year: 1911
    Reg. Number: 3727.
  15. Website Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com) "Family tree of Owner: michelee55."
  16. Website Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com) "Australia Death Index, 1787-1985."
  17. Victorian BDM on line, online http://online.justice.vic.gov.au, Name: CHUGG - George
    Event Type: Death Sex:
    Age: 77 - Place: Pran
    Year: 1926 Reg. Number: 7274
    Father: Chugg Richd -
    Mother: -
    Spouse: -.
  18. Victorian BDM on line, online http://online.justice.vic.gov.au, Name: CHUGG - Harriett
    Event Type: Death Sex:
    Age: 82 - Place: Mitcham
    Year: 1933 Reg. Number: 14573
    Father: Wickham -
    Mother: -
    Spouse: -.
  19. Website Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com) "Australia Death Index, 1787-1985 about Harriett Chugg
    Name:      Harriett Chugg
    Death Place:      Mitcham, Victoria
    Age:      82
    Father's Name:      Wickham
    Registration Year:      1933
    Registration Place:      Victoria
    Registration number:      14573
    Estimated Birth Year:      abt 1851."
  20. Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christiana_Edmunds
  21. Find my past web sites, online http://www.findmypast.com or http://www.findmypast.com.au, Western Mail, South Wales, Wales, 26/08/1871.
  22. Australian Voter Rolls 1901 - 1936, online http://search.ancestry.com.au
  23. Free UK BDM index from 1837, online http://freebmd.rootsweb.com
  24. NSW assisted immigration 1844 - 1859, online http://www.records.nsw.gov.au/, http://www.records.nsw.gov.au/ASP/index8096.asp
  25. DB - NSW BDM on line, online http://www.bdm.nsw.gov.au/familyHistory, 3557/1882.
  26. BDM in Australia, Aust Vital Records 1788-1905, 1886/7187.