John Base1

#13399, b. 1 January 1826, d. 28 January 1902

Individual's Timeline

Birth1825John Base
Christening1 January 1826John Base2
Marriage6 March 1855John Base1,3
Death of Father15 June 1855William Base4
Marriage of Son13 September 1886John Base5
Marriage of Son13 May 1888Frederick Base6,7
Marriage of Daughter2 March 1891Maria "Polly" Base8
Marriage of Son29 August 1894Walter George Base9,8
Death28 January 1902John Base10
Death RegMarch 1902John Base11

Primary events

Secondary circumstances

  • Occupation: John was a shoemaker, then by 1855 a corporal in the Norfolk Militia, then back to a shoemaker in Yarmouth. In 1891 he was living on his own means, and in 1901 was a retired shoemaker.
  • Residence: In 1855 John lived in Bett's Row Blind, Middle Street, Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, England.8
  • Note: By this date Maria and John were not living in the same house.

Census details

Some aspects of John Base's life. Martha KING married Frederick ADAMS 23rh August 1886 in St Nic's.

Martha is daughter of William Teasdale KING and Martha POSTLE (who are direct ancestors)

John BASE married Maria CANHAM 13th September 1886 in the same church

John BASE is the son of John BASE and Maria BELL who are also our direct ancestors.

In Martha's case, it is the KING side

In John's case, it is the BLAKE side

The banns were read on the same 3 days for both, and appear in the Banns register next to each other

See Exhibit.

Research Notes

  • Research note 01: Their first son John was 7 in the 1861 census, and it says he was born in Norwich. John and Maria were in Yarmouth by March 1855 when they married and their second child Henry was born there in 1857. Seeing as he was born before his parents married I have searched for a christening and a birth registration in the name of BELL as well as BASE in Yarmouth and Norwich for the period 1851 to 1856, and have not found him..
  • Research note 02: The marriage certificate is clear. This marriage was March qtr 1855. However, this couple show as married in the 1851 census. They married in the registry office, so it may be that one or other was married to someone else and there was a divorce, but the certificate shows spinster and bachelor?.
  • Research note 03: Maria BELL is the granddaughter of Samuel WINTER (b 1765 in Norwich). Her husband John BASE is the 2nd great grandson of John WINTER (b 1723 in Norwich). I have yet to find any connection between the 2 WINTER lines..
  • Research note 04: In 1841, in Nailer's Yard, Norwich, there was a John BASE, age rounded to 15, who was a chimney sweep working for William WHARF and his family.
Background information on Rose Yard, Norwich St Augustine's, Norfolk, England, - Rose Yard

Before the Second World War (1939-45), a large proportion of Norwich's citizens lived in overcrowded and often insanitary tenements surrounding a small courtyard connected to the main street by a narrow alley or 'passage'. There were hundreds of these ‘yards’, as they were mostly known, all over the city, and at least forty in St Augustine’s parish alone.

Today only a handful can still be identified in the St Augustine's area, these include Hindes Yard, Nichols Yard, Nunns Yard, Rose Yard, Royal Oak Yard and Wine Cooper’s Arms Yard (all off St Augustines Street), and Dog Yard and Talbot Yard (off Oak Street).

Rose Yard, which once stretched between St Augustines Street and Edward Street, was one of the largest yards in Norwich, with rows of two- and three-storey tenements, a public house, a couple of small shops run from front rooms, a shoe factory, stables, a communal washhouse, and even at one time a Primitive Methodist or "Ranter" chapel: making it more of a street or self-contained community its own right than a yard.

Like many such yards, it seems to have been named after an adjacent pub - in this case the Rose Inn, which stood at the junction of St Augustine's Street, Botolph Street and Pitt Street since at least the 14th century. Entrance to Rose Yard from St Augustines Street is still through an archway large enough to allow a horse-drawn coach or brewer's dray to pass through (see illustration right). The pub building is still there but the pub itself, latterly known as the Old Crome, finally closed its doors in 1981. This end of the yard is known as 'the top of the yard', while the now lost end near Edward Street was called 'the back end'. Narrow passages once lead off to smaller yards known as the Back Way.

From -
You will find more about St Augustines if you follow the link.

Children of John Base and Maria Bell


  1. Valerie Grey-Wilson, Base.
  2. Free parish registers, online,      Norfolk
    Place     Norwich
    Church     St Laurence Tr
    RegisterNumber     403
    BaptismDate     01 Jan 1826
    Forename     John
    Sex     -
    FatherForename     William
    MotherForename     Hannah
    FatherSurname     BASE
    FatherOccupation     Shoemaker
    FileNumber     8530.
  3. Marriage Certificate.
  4. Find my past web sites, online or, First name(s)      William
    Last name      Base
    Sex      Male
    Age      60
    Birth year      1795
    Death year      -
    Burial year      1855
    Burial date      21 Jun 1855
    Parish      Norwich, St Lawrence
    Diocese      Norwich
    County      Norfolk
    Country      England
    Archive      Norfolk Record Office
    Archive reference      PD 58/12
    Page      116
    Record set      Norfolk burials
    Category      Life Events (BDMs)
    Subcategory      Deaths & burials
    Collections from      United Kingdom.
  5. Certificate or Original Parish Reg Entry, Extract from original records, Copy received from Jean Eastoe.
  6. BDM, British Isles Vital Record CD, Frederick BASE
    Sex: M

    Spouse: Mary Ann Elizabeth WELHAM
    Marriage: 13 May 1888
    St Nicholas, Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, England

    Batch number: Dates Source Call No. Type Printout Call No. Type
    M163157 1886-1899 1526459 Film NONE.

  7. Free UK BDM index from 1837, online
  8. Copies of original certificates and docs.
  9. BDM, British Isles Vital Record CD.
  10. Certificate or Original Parish Reg Entry, Extract from original records.
  11. Free UK BDM index from 1837, online, 4b/23.
  12. Website ( "Name:     John Base
    Death Age:     75
    Birth Date:     abt 1827
    Death Date:     abt 1902
    Death Place:     23 Springfield Rd Gorleston
    Burial Date:     31 Jan 1902
    Burial Place:     Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, England
    Cemetery:     Gorleston Old Cemetery
    Cemetery Section:     C
    Grave Number:     75
    Interment Number:     3639
    Cemetery Notes:     Consecrated."
  13. Norfolk Trans Archive, online, BASE, John, 44     hd, mar, shoemaker, (Row 27)
    BASE, Maria, 44     wf, mar
    BASE, John, 17     s, unm, Shoemaker,

    BASE, Charles W, 10     s

    BASE, Maria, 6     d

    BASE, Frederick, 3     s

    BASE, Walter G, 6m     s