John Ayres

#80243, b. 1785, d. 12 March 1864

Individual's Timeline

Birth1785John Ayres
Death of Father28 July 1795John Ayres
Christening4 June 1803John Ayres1
Death12 March 1864John Ayres

Primary events

Background information on Fiddington House, West Lavington, Wiltshire, England, - In 1816 a Mr Willett, linen-draper in Devizes took premises* in Market Lavington which he named the ‘Market Lavington Retreat’. The Gazette of March 27th 1817 carried an advertisement for this home for the insane. The conductors announce that they have taken for their model the celebrated ‘Retreat at York’, and describe their grounds as ‘pleasantly situated with several acres of ground appropriated to horticultural pursuits, calculated to induce the patients to take bodily exercise’.

The Asylum filled so rapidly that in 1832 when Fiddington Hill Farm and Manorial Rights came up for sale Mr Willett bought these new premises and enlarged and adapted them. It was 1834 before the patients were transferred to their new home where they now had fifteen acres of garden and grounds for recreation. A press notice advertising Fiddington Retreat speaks with enthusiasm of the lovely surroundings, and stresses the fact that there is now ample space for ‘maintaining these distinctions desirable according to the circumstances of life’.

Ann Saunders, in her book entitled ‘Russell Mill’**, says, ‘Uncle Willett and Aunt established a lunatic asylum. My aunt made the house comfortable and uncle made it lively. He laid out the grounds and built the house at Fiddington’.

*Those first premises were at Palm House, High Street, Market Lavington

** a photocopy of this book is at Market Lavington Museum, which is located in Fiddington House.2


  1. Free parish registers, online, County     Somerset
    Place (link for place information)     Frome
    Church name     St John the Baptist
    Register type     Parish Register
    Baptism date     04 Jun 1803
    Person forename     John
    Person sex     M
    Father forename     John
    Father surname     AYRES
    Mother forename     Edith
    Register note     19 yrs.
  2. Misc web sites, online see Citation Detail,…